The Benefits of Resistance Exercise

By Lisa, May 29 2017 08:20PM

What are the benefits of resistance exercises?

Muscle Gain

As the nervous system learns to recruit greater amounts of muscle, the muscles must get progressively larger to accommodate the heavier loads. As muscles contract and stretch under load, they suffer microscopic tears. While not painful, these tears trigger muscles to grow back larger and stronger.

Body Fat Loss

Muscle is an active tissue, meaning it requires calories to maintain itself. The more muscle you gain through resistance training, the higher your metabolism becomes. This increase in metabolism makes it easier to burn body fat.

Bone Density

As you age, you tend to lose bone density, leading to osteopenia and osteoporosis. Women are particularly vulnerable to bone loss. Resistance training puts a compressive stress on bones that causes them to grow denser. The Mayo Clinic recommends resistance training to patients with osteoporosis and osteopenia.

Improved Posture

Poor posture results from strength imbalances, as well as the weakening of key muscles. One of the most common examples is the muscles of the upper back weakening and causing a hunch. Resistance training can strengthen and tighten these muscles to bring them back into balance.

Injury Prevention

Weak muscles are more vulnerable to injury than strong ones, because they are less able to resist forces placed upon them. Resistance training prepares your muscles to exert and absorb force, making them better able to deal with forces that would otherwise injure them.


Gaining physical strength can have a profound effect on confidence and self-esteem. The feeling of increased strength makes most people feel more effective and better equipped to handle life's challenges.

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